When you think of wool almost always you imagine a very heavy fabric, thick, warm and suitable only at winter season. In wedding suits field, as well as in clothing field, there are different types of wool: some are very heavy as those previously described, while others are combined with other fabrics in order to get the famous “cool–wool” also suitable for hot weather.
The wool was one of the first fibers that man has turned into yarn (it is thought that its origin goes back even to Neolotic age) and it has properties that are unthinkable for modern artificial fabrics. The particularity of the wool can be found in the ability that this yarn has to absorb moisture up to one third of its weight without deteriorating, it has a high thermal insulation capacity that allows the wearer to feel a not exaggerated warmth, it can be extremely soft, elastic and does not easily crease.
As everyone knows, wool is obtained from the fleece of some animal species by mowing. Animals able to provide this type of fiber are sheep (sheep and some goats), rabbits, camels and some types of blade. Wool obtained from shearing is called virgin wool, tanning wool is retrieved after slaughter of the animal and the regenerated wool is the one derived from scraps of industrial production.
– Merino Sheep: sheep breed of Spanish origin, now widespread in farms scattered throughout most of the world; this species is obtained from a very fine and soft wool and garments with this yarn must have the words “Lamb’s wool” to ascertain their quality.
– Indigenous sheep: have a more lasting fleece that is used for the manufacture of carpets and mattresses;
– Angora Goat: from this species we obtained Mohair fiber, which is less curled than wool, smooth, shiny and it’s transparent white. Its characteristics are, more or less, the same as the ones for sheep wool, especially for heat, resistance and elasticity. Very similar to mohair is “kid mohair”, kid goats fleece. It has the same characteristics as the one of adul goats, but the fabric we obtain is more precious. This yarn is used for tailoring clothes, including some models of our wedding suits collections.
– Vicuna: other type of blade of the Peruvian Andes; they have 2 different layer of fleece: deep-fleece used for clothing (fine, short and thick fibers) and an ordinary fleece which is longer. Extremely finest wool.
– Camel: few people know about the use of this fleece to produce wool, yet both the Asian and the African camels are animals which produce this type of yarn;
– Rabbit: animal from which we get the Angora wool; a fleece extremely soft and very warm.
Wool is made up of keratin, a protein, and tends to be curled (the more wool is curly and the more is more valuable). Wavy structure gives elasticity, softness and heat resistance at dry. The quality of the wool is measured in “Super” degrees, ranging from a minimum of 80 to a maximum of 250, and indicate the degree of thickness of the woolly fibers, not the quality of the final fabric; this coding was proposed by International Wool Textile Organization since the 20s. Regarding Ottavio Nuccio Gala, woolen garments are mainly found in the Gentleman collection and in the degrees Super 120s and Super 140s, which guarantee excellent quality.
The uses of wool are purely in terms of clothing and fabrics for upholstery and furnishing. There are also different fabrics with which combines the wool to get other solutions: wool in combination with silk produce a fresh finely crafted fabric (as mentioned at the beginning of this post); wool together with the linen or cotton is used for the production of underwear, for the property of thermal insulation; the wool together with polyester give life to summer clothing; Finally, wool and acrylic fibers are together in the production of knitting yarn.
Yarn and wool fabrics for wedding suits
Some of classic yarns that derive from the processing of wool are:
– Eye of partridge: it has a special optical effect produced by the overlapping of woolen threads of different colors; frequently used in tailoring;
– Tweed: is a type of wool fabric originated in Scotland, with diagonal grooves or designs obtained from various combinations as the fishbone. Famous throughout the world for its solid consistency which guarantees the duration for years. The classic is the one twilled with gray and black yarn, but today is produced in different colors and patterns including “pied de poule“, “checked“, “overchecked” and in the colors of the classic Scottish tartan.
– Carded woolen fabric: a mix of long and short wool fibers that give life to a very heavy and thick yarn, rustic looking, ideal for fabrics such as the Shetland (the name comes from Shetland sheeps, from which derives the name of the fabric).
– Cheviot: herringbone fabric base, tends to combine thin fibers and heavy fibers as the previous carded wool; is a typical English fabric, used for sportswear, blazers and coats. The name comes from Cheviot sheeps, from which derives the name of the fabric.
Other fabrics that derive from the processing of wool are tweed, pile and melton; These fabrics are manufactured with the fleecy shortest fibers that can not be smoothed out, because they are too short or too curly. The other types of fabrics, however, are manufactured from long fibers, after combing and preening.
Wool, therefore, is a basic fabric for the apparel industry that allows you to create outfits suitable for any outdoor temperature, but also extremely valuable suits. Wedding suits for man in wool created by Mario Moreno Moyano, creative soul of Ottavio Nuccio Gala, are fresh, of high-quality, classic and elegant that will allow the groom to feel at ease, never uncomfortable or afraid of excessive sweating in the most important day of his life.